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Ключи словарь справочник иностранный аббревиатура сокращение расшифровка значение abbreviation dictionary

 

 

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Расшифровка иностранных аббревиатур (сокращений)
  


   
3COM COMputer, COMmunication, COMpatibility
3M Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing
4-H Head, Heart, Hands, and Health
A&P The Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company
AA Alcoholics Anonymous
AAA American Automobile Association
AARP American Association of Retired Persons
ABC American Broadcasting Company
ABR Available Bit Rate
ADP Automated Data Processing
AfDB African Development Bank
AFL-CIO American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations
AGP Accelerated Graphics Port
AI Artificial Intelligence
AKA Also Known As
AL Arab League
ALGOL ALGOrithmic Language
AMD Advanced Micro Device
AM/FM Amplitude Modulation/Frequency Modulation
AMOCO AMerican Oil COmpany
ANSI American National Standards Institute
ANZUS Australia-New Zealand-United States Security Treaty
APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation
ASAP As Soon As Possible
ASCII American Standard Code for Information Interchange
AsDB Asian Development Bank
ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nations
AT Advanced Technology
AT&T American Telephone and Telegraph
ATF Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms
ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode
ATM Automated Teller Machine
ATP Adenine Triphosphate
AWOL Absent Without Leave
BASF Badische Anilin und Soda Fabrik (German chemical products company)
BASIC Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BB Ball-Bearing
BBC British Broadcasting Corporation
BFD Big F**king Deal
BIOS Basic Input/Output System
BLT Bacon, Lettuce, Tomato
BMW Bavarian Motor Works (на немецком: Bayrische Motor Werken)
BPOE Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks
BRB (I'll) Be Right Back (chat)
BVD Bradley, Voorhies, and Day
BYOB Bring Your Own Beer
CAD Computer-Aided Design
CARE Cooperative for American Relief Everywhere
CAT Computerized Axial Tomography
CATV CAbel TeleVision
CB Citizen's Band
CBR Constant Bit Rate
CBS Columbia Broadcasting System
CCC Customs Cooperation Council
CCD Charge-Coupled Device
CD Compact Disc
CD-I Compact Disc - Interactive
CD-R Compact Disc - Recordable
CD-ROM Compact Disc - Read-Only Memory
CD-RW Compact Disc - ReWritable
CE Council of Europe
CEI Central European Initiative
CEO Chief Executive Office
CERN European Organization for Nuclear Research
CGI Common Gateway Interface
CGM Computer Graphic Metafile
CIO Chairman-in-Office
CIS Commonwealth of Independent States (по-русски СНГ)
CMY Cyan+Magenta+Yellow
CMYK Cyan+Magenta+Yellow+blacK
CNN Cable News Network
COBOL COmmon Business-Oriented Language
COCOM Coordinating Committee on Export Controls
CONCACAF Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (Soccer)
CONELRAD CONtrol of Electronic-magnetic RADiations
CONUS Continental United States
CPR CardioPulmonary Resuscitation
CPSU Communist Party of the Soviet Union
CPU Central Processing Unit
CSS Cascading Style Sheets
CVS Consumer Value Service
CY Calendar Year
DAT Digital Audio Tape
DB DataBase
DC developed country
DDT Dichloro-Diphenyl-Trichloroethane
DEC Digital Equipment Corporation
DECT Digital European Cordless Telecommunications
DEW Distant Early Warning
DMA Direct Memory Access
DNA DeoxyriboNucleic Acid
DNA Digital Network Architecture
DNS Domain Name System
DOA Dead On Arrival
DOS Disk Operating System
dpi (d.p.i.) Dots Per Inch
DTP DeskTop Publishing
DRAM Dynamic Random Access Memory
DVD Digital Versatile Disc
DVD-RW Digital Versatile Disc - Rewriteable
EADB East African Development Bank
EAN European Article Numering
EBRD European Bank for Reconstruction and Development
EC European Community
ECOSOC Economic and Social Council
ECS European Coal and Steel Community
EDGE Enhanced Data for GSM Evolution
EDP Electronic Data Processing
EEC European Economic Community
EFTA European Free Trade Association
EIB European Investment Bank
EMTEC European Multimedia Technologies (formerly BASF Magnetics; as of 2002)
EMU European Monetary Union
EMU Extravehicular Mobility Unit (Space Suit)
EPCOT Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow
ER Emergency Room
ESA European Space Agency
ESPN Entertainment and Sports Programming Network
ESSO S.O. from Standard Oil, the Rockefeller-owned oil company
ETA Estimated Time of Arrival
EU European Union
F1 Formula 1
Fannie Mae (from FNMA) Federal National Mortgage Association
FAO Food and Agriculture Organization
FAQ Frequently Asked Questions
FAX facsimile
FDD Floppy Disk Drive
FDIC Federal Depositors Insurance Company
FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency
FICA Federal Insurance Contributions Act
FIFA Federation Internationale de Football Association (International Federation of Football Association; Zurich, Switzerland)
Flak FLiegerAbwehrKanonen (Lit. aircraft defense gun.)
FM Frequency Modulation
FORTRAN FORmula TRANslation
FSU Former Soviet Union
FTP File Transfer Protocol
FUBAR "Fouled" Up Beyond All Recognition
FY Fiscal Year
FYROM The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
GAF General Aniline and Film
GATT General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
GDR German Democratic Republic (East Germany)
GE General Electric
Gestapo GEheime STAatsPOlizei (Lit. secret state police.)
GIF Graphics Interchange Format
GIGO Garbage In, Garbage Out
GM General Motors
GORP Good Old Raisin Peanut (A camping food.)
GPRS General Packet Radio Service
GPS Global Positioning System
GSM Global System for Mobile telecommunications
GUI Graphical User Interface
HBO Home Box Office
HDD Hard Disk Drive
HDL/LDL High-Density Lipoprotein/Low-Density Lipoprotein
HDPE High Density Polyethylene
HDTV High Definition TeleVision
HF High-Frequency
HIV Human Immunodefficiency Virus
HP Hewlett Packard
HTML HyperText Markup Language
HTTP HyperText Transfer Prorocol
HUMVEE High Mobility Multi-Purpose Wheeled Vehicle
IAEA International Atomic Energy Agency
IBEC International Bank for Economic Cooperation
IBM International Business Machines
IBRD International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)
ICANN Internet Corporation For Assigned Names and Numbers
ICAO International Civil Aviation Organization
ICBM Inter-Continental Ballistics Missile
ICC International Chamber of Commerce
ICJ International Court of Justice (World Court)
ICRC International Committee for the Red Cross
ICRM International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement
ICTR International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
ICTY International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia
IDA International Development Association
IEA International Energy Agency
IEV Kiev, Ukraine - Zhulhany (Airport Code)
IFAD International Fund for Agricultural Development
IFC International Finance Corporation
IHOP International House of Pancakes
IIB International Investment Bank
IKEA Ingvar Kamprad Elmtaryd Agunaryd (Swedish home furnishings retailer)
ILO International Labor Organization
IMF International Monetary Fund
IMO International Maritime Organization
INRI Iesus Nazarenenus Rex Iudaeorum (Lit. Jesus of Nazareth, King of the Jews)
Intelsat International Telecommunications Satellite Organization
Internet INTERconnected computer NETworks
Interpol International Criminal Police Organization
IOC International Olympic Committee
IOM International Organization for Migration
IP Internetwork Protocol
IRA Individual Retirement Account
IRA Irish Republican Army
ISBN International Standard Book Number
ISDN Integrated Services Digital Network
ISO International Standards Organization; film-speed designation, formerly ASA
ITU International Telecommunication Union
JPEG Joing Photographic Experts Group
JPL Jet Propulsion Laboratory
JVC Japan Victor Company
KBP Kiev, Ukraine - Borispol (Airport Code)
KFOR Kosovo Force
KGB Komitet Gosudarstvennoy Bezopasnosti
kHz KiloHertz
KIA Killed In Action
KISS Keep It Simple, Stupid
KJV King James Version
KLM Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij (Lit. Royal Dutch Airline.)
KO Knock-out (TKO being a technical knock-out.)
KPI Kiev Polytechnic Institute (Ukraine)
KRAZ Kremenchuz'kiy Avtomobilny Zavod (Ukrainian Truck Manufacturer)
kWh Kilowatt-Hour
LAN Local Area Network
LASER Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation
LCD Liquid Crystal Display
LDC Less Developed Country
LDPE Low Density Polyethylene
LED Light-Emitting Diode
LG Life's Good (electronics company, Japan, Asia)
LLDC least developed country
lpi (l.p.i.) Lines Per Inch
M&M Mars & Murray
MASER Microwave Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation
MASH Mobile Army Surgical Hospital
MCI Microwave Communications of America
MG Morris & Garash
MHz MegaHertz
MIA Missing in Action
MIDI Musical Instrument Digital Interface
MiG MIkoyan and Gurevich, Soviet military aircraft designers
MIME Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
MIPS Million of Instructions Per Second
MIRV Multiple Independently-targeted Re-entry Vehicle
MIT Massachusetts Institute of Technology
MMX MultiMedia eXtension
MO Modus Operandi
Modem Modulator/Demodulator
MP Military Police
MP3 (MPEG3) Moving Picture Experts Group Layer-3 Audio (audio file format/extension)
MPEG Motion Picture Experts Group
MSN MicroSoft Network
MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging
NA Not Available
NAACP National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
NAC North Atlantic Council
NASA National Aeronautics and Space Administration
NATO North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Nazi NAtional soZIalist
NB Nota Bene (лат. обрати внимание)
NBA National Basketball Association
NBC National Broadcasting Company
NBC Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Weapons
NBU National Bank of Ukraine
NC Nordic Council
NCC Either Naval Classification Code or Naval Construction Contract (From Star Trek, NCC-1701)
NEA Nuclear Energy Agency
NEC Nippon Electronics Corporation
Necco New England Confectionery COmpany
NFL National Football League
NHL National Hockey League
NIMBY Not In My BackYard
Nitinol NIckel, TItanium, and Naval Ordinance Laboratory
NL Natural Language
NM nautical mile
NMT Nordic Mobile Telephone
N.N. Nomen nescio (лат. некое лицо)
NORAD North American Air Defense Command
NORELCO NORth AmErican PhiLlips COmpany
NOW National Organization of Women
NPR National Public Radio
NTUU National Technical University of Ukraine
NSA National Security Administration
OCR Optical Character Recognition
OECD Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development
OLE Object Linking and Embedding of objects
OPCW Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
OPEC Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OS Operating System
OSCE Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe
OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration
OTAN Organisation du Traite de l'Atlantique Nord (=NATO)
Pakistan Punjab, Afghan border states, Kashmir, Sind, and BaluchisTAN
Pap George Papanicolaou, inventor of the test
Parsec Parallax second
PBS Public Broadcasting System
PDA Personal Digital Assistant
PDF Portable Document Format
PDQ Pretty Damned Quick
PDRY People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
PfP Partnership for Peace
PIN Personal Identification
pH Pourvoir Hydrogene (Lit. power of hydrogen.)
PnP Plug and Play
P.O. Post Office
PO Private Office
POTS Plain Old Telephone Service (Basic service used by local exchange telephone companies.)
POTUS President of the United States
POW Prisoner of War
PPP Point to Point Protocol
P.S. Post scriptum (лат. после написанного)
PSI Pounds per square inch
PSP PlayStation Portable (Sony)
PT Patrol Torpedo
PVC PolyVinyl Chloride
PX Post eXchange
Q.E.D. Quod erat demonstrandum (Lit. Which was to be demonstrated.)
QANTAS Queensland And Northern Territory Aerial Service
Radar RAdio Detection And Ranging
RAM Random Access Memory
RCA Radio Corporation of America
RDA Recommended Daily Allowance
RFD Rural-Free Delivery
RGB Red+Blue+Green
Rh Rhesus monkey factor
RKO Radio-Keith-Orpheum
RNA Ribonucleic Acid
ROM Read-Only Memory
ROTC Reserve Officers Training Corps
ROY G. BIV Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Indigo Violent (Rainbow Mnemonic)
RSS Really Simple Syndication
RSVP Respondez S'il Vous Plait
S.A. Sine Anno (лат. без года)
Saab Svenska Aeroplan Ab. (Lit. Swedish Airplanes, Inc.)
SAM Surface-to-Air Missile
SAR Search and Rescue
SASE Self-Addressed Stamped Envelope
SCMADS State County Municipal Apprehensive Data System (The computers cops have in their cars that hold information on people.)
SCSI Small Computer Serial Interface
SCTV Second City TeleVision
SCUBA Self-Contained Underwater Breathing Apparatus
SDI Stratigic Defence Initiative (=СОИ)
SEAL SEa, Air, and Land
SETI Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence
SFRY Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
SG Secretary General
SHAZAM из имен Solomon, Hercules, Atlas, Zeus, Achilles и Mercury
SHF Super-High-Frequency
SMS Short Message Service
SNAFU Situation Normal--All "Fouled" Up
SOP Standard Operating Procedure
S.O.S. неофициальное значение - Save Our Souls
Soweto SOuthWEst TOwnship
SPF South Pacific Forum
SPF Sun Protection Factor
SRO Standing Room Only
STD Sexually Transmitted Disease
STP Scientifically Treated Petroleum (also, Standard Temperature and Pressure)
SUNOCO SUN Oil COmpany
SWAK Sealed With A Kiss
SWAT Special Weapons And Tactics
TAFKAP The Artist Formerly Known As Prince
TANSTAAFL There ain't no such thing as a free lunch
TARFU Things Are Really "Fouled" Up
TBA To Be Announced
TCP/IP Transfer Control Protocol/Internet Protocol
TDK Tokyo Denkikagaku Kogyo KK (TDK Electronics Co. Ltd., Japanese manufacturer of recording media)
TGIF Thank God It's Friday
TIFF Tag Image File Format
TLA Three Letter Acronym ;)
TNT TriNitroToluene
TNTC Too Numerous To Count
TTFN Ta-ta for now
TTY Teletypewriter
TWAIN Technology Without An Interesting Name (A computer interface to acquire images through a device such as a scanner.)
UA Ukraine (ISO Country Identifier)
UAE United Arab Emirates
UAH Ukrainian Hryvnia (ISO currency code)
UAOC Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church
UAS Ukrainian Academy of Sciences
UEFA Union of European Football Associations
UGCC Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church
UHF Ultra-High Frequency
UK United Kingdom
UMC Ukrainian Mobile Communication
UN United Nations
UNA Ukrainian National Association
UNESCO United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
UNICEF United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund
UNU United Nations University
UPU Universal Postal Union
URL Uniform Resource Locator
US United States
USSR Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
USSR/EE Union of Soviet Socialist Republics/Eastern Europe
VCR Video Cassette Recorder
VHF Very High Frequency
VHS Video Home System (video cassette format; patented by JVC)
VISTA Volunteers In Service to America, a Great Society agency
VSOP Very Superior Old Pale, a brandy rating
WAC Women's Army Corps
WADB West African Development Bank
WAN Wide Area Network
WAVES Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service
WC Water Closet
WD-40 Water Displacement, Formula 40
WEU Western European Union
WFC World Food Council
WFP World Food Program
WFTU World Federation of Trade Unions
WHO World Health Organisation
WIPO World Intellectual Property Organization
WMF Windows MetaFile
WMO World Meteorological Organization
WNL Within Normal Limits
WP Warsaw Pact
WTO (WTrO) World Trade Organization
WToO World Tourism Organization
WTC World Trade Center
WWF World Wide Fund (in US also known as World Widelife Fund)
WYSIWYG What You See Is What You Get
Y2K Year 2000
YAR Yemen Arab Republic
YKK Yoshida Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha (Zipper Company)
ZAZ Zaporozhsky Avtomobilny Zavod (Ukrainian car manufacturer)
ZIP Zone Improvement Plan

 

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